the act of vindicating or defending against criticism or censure etc.
defense, defence, vindication(noun)
the justification for some act or belief
defense team, defence mechanism, defensive structure, demurrer, defence reaction, vindication, defense reaction, defense lawyers, exoneration, defending team, denial, defense mechanism, defense force, refutation, defensive measure, defence, defense, defence force
English Synonyms and Antonyms
All these words express one's answer to a charge of wrong or error that is or might be made. Apology has undergone a remarkable change from its old sense of a valiant defense — as in Justin Martyr's Apologies for the Christian faith — to its present meaning of humble confession and concession. He who offers an apology admits himself, at least technically and seemingly, in the wrong. An apology is for what one has done or left undone; an excuse may be for what one proposes to do or leave undone as well; as, one sends beforehand his excuse for not accepting an invitation; if he should fail either to be present or to excuse himself, an apology would be in order. An excuse for a fault is an attempt at partial justification; as, one alleges haste as an excuse for carelessness. Confession is a full acknowledgment of wrong, generally of a grave wrong, with or without apology or excuse. Plea ranges in sense from a prayer for favor or pardon to an attempt at full vindication. Defense, exculpation, justification, and vindication are more properly antonyms than synonyms of apology in its modern sense, and should be so given, but for their connection with its historic usage. Compare CONFESS; DEFENSE.
An apology to the guest for the oversight would be fitting.
Dictionary of English Synonymes
Translations for vindication
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- justificación, vindicaciónSpanish
- pemulihan nama baikIndonesian
- 支持, 立証, 証拠, 擁護Japanese
- justificação, ReivindicaçãoPortuguese
- доказательство, оправдание, обоснование, реабилитация, виндикацияRussian
- doğrulama, kanıtlama, teyitTurkish
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