something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative
"no mortal being can influence the absolute"
perfect or complete or pure
"absolute loyalty"; "absolute silence"; "absolute truth"; "absolute alcohol"
absolute, downright, out-and-out(a), rank(a), right-down, sheer(a)(adj)
complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers
"absolute freedom"; "an absolute dimwit"; "a downright lie"; "out-and-out mayhem"; "an out-and-out lie"; "a rank outsider"; "many right-down vices"; "got the job through sheer persistence"; "sheer stupidity"
not limited by law
"an absolute monarch"
expressing finality with no implication of possible change
"an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority"
absolute, infrangible, inviolable(adj)
not capable of being violated or infringed
"infrangible human rights"
absolute(adjective)Complete; unconditional; final; without encumbrances.
absolute(adjective)Direct, as in a democracy.
absolute(adjective)Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; \u2014 opposed to relative and ; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
absolute(adjective)Fundamental; intrinsic; ultimate; self-contained and self-sufficient; free from the variability and error natural to human perception and thought.
absolute(adjective)Concerned entirely with expressing beauty and feelings, lacking meaningful reference.
absolute(noun)Utilizing the body to express ideas, independent of music and costumes.
absolute(noun)the ultimate basis of reality.
absolute(noun)that which is totally unconditioned, unrestricted, pure, perfect, or complete.
absolute(noun)Outright; unmitigated; pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
absolute(noun)free from restraint and control by either government or authoritative agent as;
absolute(noun)Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence; as
absolute(noun)Free from conditional limitations; operating or existing in full under all circumstances without variation; complete.
absolute(adjective)Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
absolute(adjective)Authoritative; peremptory; allowing no contradiction; positive; unquestionable.
absolute(adjective)Independent of arbitrary units of measurement; having reference to or derived from the simplest manner from the fundamental units of mass, time, and length; relating to the absolute temperature scale.
English Synonyms and Antonyms
In the strict sense, absolute, free from all limitation or control, and supreme, superior to all, can not properly be said of any being except the divine. Both words are used, however, in a modified sense, of human authorities; absolute then signifying free from limitation by other authority, and supreme exalted over all other; as, an absolute monarch, the supreme court. Absolute, in this use, does not necessarily carry any unfavorable sense, but as absolute power in human hands is always abused, the unfavorable meaning predominates. Autocratic power knows no limits outside the ruler's self; arbitrary power, none outside the ruler's will or judgment, arbitrary carrying the implication of wilfulness and capriciousness. Despotic is commonly applied to a masterful or severe use of power, which is expressed more decidedly by tyrannical. Arbitrary may be used in a good sense; as, the pronunciation of proper names is arbitrary; but the bad sense is the prevailing one; as, an arbitrary proceeding. Irresponsible power is not necessarily bad, but eminently dangerous; an executor or trustee should not be irresponsible; an irresponsible ruler is likely to be tyrannical. A perfect ruler might be irresponsible and not tyrannical. Authoritative is used always in a good sense, implying the right to claim authority; imperative, peremptory, and positive are used ordinarily in the good sense; as, an authoritative definition; an imperative demand; a peremptory command; positive instructions; imperious signifies assuming and determined to command, rigorously requiring obedience. An imperious demand or requirement may have in it nothing offensive; it is simply one that resolutely insists upon compliance, and will not brook refusal; an arrogant demand is offensive by its tone of superiority, an arbitrary demand by its unreasonableness; an imperious disposition is liable to become arbitrary and arrogant. A person of an independent spirit is inclined to resent an imperious manner in any one, especially in one whose superiority is not clearly recognized. Commanding is always used in a good sense; as, a commanding appearance; a commanding eminence. Compare DOGMATIC; INFINITE; PERFECT.
arbitrary, arrogant, authoritative, autocratic, coercive, commanding, compulsive, compulsory, controlling, despotic, dictatorial, dogmatic, domineering, exacting, haughty, imperative, imperious, irresponsible, lordly, overbearing, peremptory, positive, supreme, tyrannical, unconditional, unequivocal
Dictionary of English Synonymes
Translations for absolute
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- чист, без примес, самовластен, пълен, абсолютен, безусловен, неограниченBulgarian
- absolutCatalan, Valencian
- čistý, jistý, absolutníCzech
- completo, absoluto, plenoSpanish
- täielik, vabaEstonian
- کامل, غیر مشروطPersian
- puhdas, ehdottoman, absoluuttinen, rajoittamaton, ehdoton, varma, riippumaton, täydellinenFinnish
- lethoireach, iomlan, ceannasach, dearbh, cinnteachScottish Gaelic
- ard-chummaghtagh, ard-phooaralManx
- 絶対的, 絶対, 無比, 独立, 自己完結, 揺るぎない, 純粋, 無条件Japanese
- volstrekt, absoluut, onvermengd, volkomen, reinDutch
- absolutny, bezwarunkowy, bezwzględnyPolish
- absoluto, peremptório, inquestionável, definitivo, certo, irrestrito, ilimitadoPortuguese
- абсолютный, совершенный, абсолют, обособленныйRussian
- mutlak, mükemmel, kesinTurkish
- цілковитий, абсолютний, необмеженийUkrainian
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